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(IRS) Disaster Assistance and Emergency Relief Program

Disaster Relief > (IRS) Disaster Assistance and Emergency Relief Program


Program Description:

The Internal Revenue Service provides tax counseling and assistance to taxpayers whose property has been damaged or lost in a Federally declared disaster area. The following are examples of the types of assistance available:

  • Assist victims with filing claims for tax refunds
  • Provide tax information and assistance
  • Distribute disaster kits containing tax forms and publications to help victims determine the amount of a causality loss deduction for destroyed property
  • Provide information on ways to reconstruct destroyed financial records
  • Provide copies or transcripts of previously filed tax returns free of charge to taxpayers located in the Federally declared disaster area.


General Program Requirements:

Taxpayers may elect to deduct non-reimbursed casualty losses that occurred in a Federally declared disaster area in the year the disaster occurred or file an amended return and deduct the loss in the year immediately preceding the year the disaster occurred. Taxpayers must use Form 4684 to report a gain or deductible loss from a casualty.

The IRS may postpone tax deadlines to provide extra time to file returns and pay taxes that were originally due within the tax relief period. Interest and penalties on the postponed actions would not apply because the taxpayer is located in a Federally declared disaster area.





Loan Terms:

Not Applicable


Application Process:

This tax relief is automatic for affected taxpayers whose address of record is in the Federally declared disaster area. All other affected taxpayers must self identify for disaster relief by contacting the IRS at 1-866-562-5227.


Program Contact Information:

For more information, visit:

Or contact your local Taxpayer Assistance Center:


Managing Agency:

U.S. Department of the Treasury

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